What kind of batteries do electric vehicles use?

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When people are choosing electric cars, the driving range is one of the most important aspects. And driving range is heavily dictated by their battery. The type of battery used varies depending on the type of vehicle you are driving. This article will explore the most common types of electric car batteries.

Lithium-Ion Batteries

Lithium-ion batteries are the most common type used in electric cars. It is the same technology used in smartphones and laptops. These batteries are very efficient and are currently the best option for holding a stable charge and are recyclable. Besides, lithium-ion takes longer to discharge compared to other types of batteries. However, one of the biggest disadvantages of lithium-ion batteries is that they're not environmentally friendly. 

Nickel-Metal Hydride Batteries

This kind of battery is primarily used in hybrid electric cars. They are also used routinely in computer and medical equipment, and offer reasonable specific energy and specific power capabilities. They can last longer than lithium-ion batteries and are safer to use. Nevertheless, these batteries are expensive to produce and have higher requirements for cooling systems.

Lead-Acid Batteries

These batteries have been used for a long time. Some of the earliest electric cars used lead-acid batteries. They are inexpensive, safe, recyclable, and reliable. Lead-acid batteries are also used in gasoline vehicles to start the engine. However, lead-acid batteries are no longer used by EV manufacturers because of their low efficiency, poor cold-temperature performance, and short lifecycle. Still, they're a good option if you're converting a gasoline vehicle to an electric vehicle.

Solid-State Batteries

They've not been used in electric vehicles yet. Like the name, this kind of battery contains a solid electrolyte while lithium-ion battery features a liquid one. This allows solid-state batteries to be lighter, have more energy density, offer more range, and recharge faster. So, it could be a better choice for electric cars in just a few years.